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Laying Techniques

We have worked with landscapers, adhesive manufacturers and stone specialists to ensure that we supply the correct information to our customers when we advise on laying paving.

This technique is only a guide; we strongly recommend that you seek a professional to undertake the work.

Should you need further assistance please contact us.

20mm Porcelain Laying Technique

  1. SUB-BASE
    A minimum of 100mm of well compacted sub base laid to a fall of 1 in 6 to 10.
  2. BEDDING MORTAR
    Lay a full wet mortar bed made up of 3 parts sharp sand, 3 parts 6mm grit and 1 part UltraTileFix Bedding Mortar Additive at a 30mm depth.
  3. PRIMING SEAL
    The tile should then be “back buttered” or combed with tile adhesive with a 6mm notched trowel ensuring that the whole of the back is coated, excluding the perimeter of 1 cm to aid handling. Press down level onto the bedding mortar.
  4. TILES
    Place and tap the tile down while both the primer and bedding mortar are still wet. This will create a chemical bond between the components.
  5. GROUTING
    Use UltraTileFix Tile Grout, TuffJoint Brush In Grout or a Flowable Grout with a minimum gap of 5mm. Tiles spacers can be used but must be removed before grouting. These are available in variety of colours. 
  6. CLEANING
    After grouting, make sure that all the cement residue has been cleaned off the tiles with an Emulsifying pad, wash boy and wet vac. Any tough cement stains can be cleaned using Cement Residue Remover.

10mm Laying Technique

  1. SUB-BASE
    A minimum of 50-75mm of well compacted hard-core base laid to a fall of 1 in 6 to 10.
  2. CONCRETE BED
    5 to 1 fibre reinforce concrete bed with a minimum depth of 75mm should be used. This needs to have a smooth finish.
    Expansion joints should be used every 3 metres if the patio is fully enclosed on all four sides. If there is an open edge, expansions joints are not required.
    Concrete will take 6 weeks to fully cure, but 95% of the shrinkages occurs in the first 14 day and can be tiled at this stage.  Before tiling the concrete should be fully cleaned.
  3. TILING
    If the finish is not smooth enough then a self-levelling compound can be applied and be left to cure for 4 hours (or as per manufacturer’s instructions).
    Allow space for a 5mm flexible joint which should be used along all adjoining walls, flexible edging and manhole covers. (Later to be filled with a colour matched UltraTileFix Flexible Silicon Sealer)
    UltraTileFix Tile adhesive should be combed onto the concrete bed with a 10mm notched trowel. The tile should then be “back buttered” or combed with adhesive with a 6mm notched trowel ensuring that the whole of the back is coated, excluding the perimeter of 1 cm to aid handling. Press down level onto the concrete bed.
  4. GROUTING
    Use UltraTileFix Tile Grout, TuffJoint Brush In Grout or a Flowable Grout with a minimum gap of 5mm. Tiles spacers can be used but must be removed before grouting. These are available in variety of colours. 
  5. CLEANING
    After grouting, make sure that all the cement residue has been cleaned off the tiles with an Emulsifying pad, wash boy and wet vac. Any tough cement stains can be cleaned using Cement Residue Remover.

 

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